The Gaziantep Fortress is worthy of attention due to its hidden history and its magnificence and is one of the best examples of fortresses in Turkey.

Its exact history is not known, but research has found that it was inhabited during the Calcoholitic Age. Its¡¯ present form dates from the period of Justinian in the sixth Century AD. It is square in shape and has a circumference of 1200 metres.

The walls, which were built with large stones, were fortified by twelve towers. In addition, there is a mosque, a cistern and some ruins in the castle, and in the basement, caves, corridors, rooms and a water source may be seen.



At Belkis (Zeugma), 10 km south east of Nizip, ruins from the Greek, Roman and Byzantine Periods can be seen in the village of the same name.



Hromgia is 25 km from Yavuzeli and 62 km from Gaziantep. Although the precise history of Hromgia is unknown, it is thought to have been built during the late Hittite Period, around 840 B.C.

It is believed that in the Roman Period Chiristians made Hromgla a center of Christianity, and tried to spread Chiristianity to Hromgla and its surroundings. It is also said that John, one of Jesus' apostles, saved manuscripts of the Bible in in Hromgla which were later taken to Beriut. For this reason Hromgla is a sacred place for Christiants. When the crusaders were defeated and driven out of the region, the Moslems captured Hromgla and the surrounding area, and there are many remains in the castle and the area from the Turkish Islamic Period. In the castle, where characteristics of Turkish Islamic Ert can be found, there is also a mosque but it is not in use.



Tilmen Tumulus, 10km east of Islahiye, is 24m high and one of the biggest tumuli of the region. Excavations have affirmed there was a big city there in the late 3000s BC. The city consisted of inner and outer castles, the walls of which were fortified with large, cut stones.



The rich architecture in Gaziantep is very historic, and this can be seen in many buildings throughout the city, such as houses, mosques, shopping centers and baths. It is possible to see the influence of the climate, topographic characteristics, plantation and social life on these structures.

This architecture of this city is suitable to the Northern Mesopotamian tradition as a typical Islamic city. Other buildings take place around the religious ones and are developed as integrated buildings.

Because of the steep climate and hot summers, the concept of having a yard is very important in architecture. The yards are called "Hayat" as most of one¡¯s life is spent there.

In Gaziantep manufacturing and trading have gained more importance than agriculture.

Many shopping centers were built in the settlements towards to Kozluca and around the castle. Tuz Han, ?ki Kap?l? Han, Hi?va Han?, Y¨¹z¨¹k?¨¹ Han?, Millet Han? were very busy shopping centers in the 16th Century.

Streets are very narrow and shady. There are some places called "kabalt?" which are houses with a road beneath. There are only six "kabalt?''s nowadays. There are also blocked streets called "dehliz".



Gaziantep houses are made of soft calcareous stones called "havara" or "keyrnik" and have thick walls. Generally, they are one or two-stories, but there are some three-story ones as well.

The traditional Gaziantep houses displaying these features are situated mainly in the town center, in the Ey¨¹po?lu, T¨¹rktepe, Tepeba??, Bostanc? and ?ehrek¨¹st¨¹ Quarters, and also near the Gaziantep Fortress.



The baths, which were always a symbol of cleanliness, constituted an essential element of the social life of early times.The ones which have survived to present times are Seyh Fethullah Hamami, Huseyin Pasa Hamami, Pasa Hamami, Keyvanbey Hamami, lki Kapili Hamam, Naip Hamami, Nakipoglu Hamami, Tabak Hamami, Eski Hamam and Pazar Hamami.


The city of Gaziantep had poor water resources. In order to prevent the evaporation or loss of water, water was brought to the city through underground canals. In some parts of the canals water was saved by the building of large rooms (or underground reservoirs), which could be reached by long stairways. Of these facilities called "Kastels", only lhsan Bey, Pi?irici, lrnarn Gazali and Kozluca kastels remain.


Bedestens are long bazaars or markets, with a covered ceiling. The most important ones are Huseyin Pasa Bedesteni, Kemikli Bedesten and Zincirli Bedesten.



Gaziantep cuisine, for many years, has held a privileged place among the cuisines of the world and in our country due to its traditional and regional richness of flavour.

The very special feature of Gaziantep cuisine is in the careful use of the ingredients in the preparation of the meals. All the ingredients are chosen with great care.

Plentiful quantities of spices, tomato pastes and different mixtures give different tastes and flavours to Gaziantep¡¯s dishes. For flavor excellence and great tasting Gaziantep meals, the skills of the person preparing them are just as important as the quality of the materials.

The following are the main Gaziantep dishes:

a) Meatballs (k?fteler):i?li k?fte, ?ig kofte, ek?ili k?fte, ufak k?fte, malh?tal? k?fte, yo?urtlu ufak k?fte.
b) Kebabs : Ku?ba?? (tike) kebap, k?yma kebab?, patl?can kebab?, sogan kebab?, simit kebab?, ci?er kebab?, etc.
c) Other dishes that should be sampled : Yuvarlama, and lahmacun.
d) Desserts : Baklava, b¨¹lb¨¹l yuvas?, k¨¹nefe, burmal? kaday?f, antepf?st??? ezmesi, katmer, etc.



Excursions in the country, which are called "Sahra," are held with families and close relatives during the hot spring and summer months, in order to escape from the noise and the heat of the city and to be with nature; country houses are visited at this time. The following are some of the picnic and excursion areas; D¨¹ll¨¹kbaba, Karpuzatan, Kavakl?k, Dutluk, Nafak, Burc Forest, Bur? Lake, Buy¨¹k?ahinbey Town, K?rk¨¹n Picnic Area, Rumkale, Nizip Karpuzatan Picnic area and Karap?nar.


Copyright © 2007 GASBAŞ Gaziantep Serbest Bölgesi Kurucu ve İşleticisi A.Ş.
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